Human Rights Watch: Saimumin Yatimov is responsible for the conduct of his officers

Case Type:  GVHR via command responsibility (torture, sentencing of a minor to death)

Saimumin Yatimov
Saimumin Yatimov

Saimumin Sattorovich Yatimov has led Tajikistan’s State Committee for National Security (GKNB) since September 2010, and holds the rank of lieutenant general.

He is responsible, via command responsibility, for the torture of Mahmadali Hayit, the deputy chairman of the Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) and a well-known advocate for human rights and the freedoms of expression, assembly, and religion in Tajikistan.

The IRPT stood as Tajikistan’s leading opposition party until its national recognition was revoked in August 2015. Beginning on September 16, 2015, government authorities detained dozens of IRPT members, including Mr. Hayit.  The IRPT was shortly thereafter designated a terrorist organization, and Mr. Hayit was sentenced to life in prison in a closed trial of 16 other IRPT leaders. 

While held in pre-trial detention at the GKNB’s detention facility in Dushanbe, international human rights organizations report that Mr. Hayit was tortured. In May 2017, a secretly recorded video emerged of Mr. Hayit describing his torture by GKNB officers to his lawyer.

Under the principal of command responsibility, Saimumin Yatimov is responsible for the conduct of his officers, as he is in effective control of the GKNB facility where the closed trial of Hayit was held and where the torture occurred.

Human Rights Watch

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